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Use of a radiopaque localizer grid to reduce radiation exposure

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Author(s): Kim Kee | Li Wentao | Galloway Caren

Journal: Annals of Surgical Innovation and Research
ISSN 1750-1164

Volume: 5;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 6;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Radiation | Exposure | Minimally Invasive | Spine Surgery | Localization | Innovation | Grid

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background Minimally invasive spine surgery requires placement of the skin incision at an ideal location in the patient's back by the surgeon. However, numerous fluoroscopic x-ray images are sometimes required to find the site of entry, thereby exposing patients and Operating Room personnel to additional radiation. To minimize this exposure, a radiopaque localizer grid was devised to increase planning efficiency and reduce radiation exposure. Results The radiopaque localizer grid was utilized to plan the point of entry for minimally invasive spine surgery. Use of the grid allowed the surgeon to accurately pinpoint the ideal entry point for the procedure with just one or two fluoroscopic X-ray images. Conclusions The reusable localizer grid is a simple and practical device that may be utilized to more efficiently plan an entry site on the skin, thus reducing radiation exposure. This device or a modified version may be utilized for any procedure involving the spine.