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Use of Cement-Sand Admixture in Laterite Brick Production for Low Cost Housing

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Author(s): Isaac Olufemi AGBEDE | MANASSEH JOEL

Journal: Leonardo Electronic Journal of Practices and Technologies
ISSN 1583-1078

Volume: 7;
Issue: 12;
Start page: 163;
Date: 2008;
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Keywords: Cement | Sand | Laterite | Brick Production.

ABSTRACT
Laterite was modified with 45% sand content by dry weight and stabilized with up to 9% cement content respectively and used in the production of 330 mm × 150 mm × 150 mm bricks through the application of a pressure of 3 N/mm2 with a brick moulding machine. Results showed that laterite used in this study cannot be stabilized for brick production within the economic cement content of 5% specified for use in Nigeria. However, bricks made with laterite admixed with 45% sand and 5% cement attained a compressive strength of 1.80 N/mm2 which is greater than the specified minimum strength value of 1.65 N/mm2. Cost comparison of available walling materials in Makurdi metropolis showed that the use of bricks made from 45% sand and 5% cement resulted in a saving of 30 - 47% when compared with the use of sandcrete blocks while the use of fired clay bricks resulted in a savings of 19% per square meter of wall. The study therefore recommends the use of laterite bricks in Makurdi and other locations because it is more economical and environmental friendly than fired clay bricks.
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