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Reliability and cross-cultural validity of a Japanese version of the Dental Fear Survey

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Author(s): Yoshida Toshiko | Milgrom Peter | Mori Yukako | Nakai Yukie | Kaji Mari | Shimono Tsutomu | Donaldson Ana

Journal: BMC Oral Health
ISSN 1472-6831

Volume: 9;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 17;
Date: 2009;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background This study established the reliability and cross-cultural validity of a Japanese version of the Dental Fear Survey (DFS). Methods Two studies were carried out in separate populations. The first involved 166 Japanese dental and nursing students and assessed internal consistency and test-retest reliability. The second involved 2,095 Japanese parents or guardians of school children and tested the hypothesis that the conceptual structure of the Japanese translation was consistent with the U.S. version using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). Results In the first study Cronbach alpha ranged from .94 to .96 and test-retest reliability (Spearman correlation) ranged from .89 to .92. The intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC) was 0.919 (95%CI: 0.892 – 0.940). In the second study SEM was used on the covariance matrix of the 20 questions in a random sample of 600 questionnaires to evaluate the goodness of fit of the theoretical model; and then, in an exploratory manner corrected for specification errors until a model that fit the data well was achieved. Conclusion The Japanese version of the DFS appears reliable and demonstrates cross-cultural validity. The modeling confirms the three factors on which the English language version was based.
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