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Peptide Neurotoxins That Affect Voltage-Gated Calcium Channels: A Close-Up on ω-Agatoxins

Author(s): Emilie Pringos | Michel Vignes | Jean Martinez | Valerie Rolland

Journal: Toxins
ISSN 2072-6651

Volume: 3;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 17;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: w-agatoxin IV B | peptide neurotoxins | voltage-gated calcium channels

Peptide neurotoxins found in animal venoms have gained great interest in the field of neurotransmission. As they are high affinity ligands for calcium, potassium and sodium channels, they have become useful tools for studying channel structure and activity. Peptide neurotoxins represent the clinical potential of ion-channel modulators across several therapeutic fields, especially in developing new strategies for treatment of ion channel-related diseases. The aim of this review is to overview the latest updates in the domain of peptide neurotoxins that affect voltage-gated calcium channels, with a special focus on ω-agatoxins.