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On the Interaction of Clostridium perfringens Enterotoxin with Claudins

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Author(s): Anna Veshnyakova | Jonas Protze | Jan Rossa | Ingolf E. Blasig | Gerd Krause | Joerg Piontek

Journal: Toxins
ISSN 2072-6651

Volume: 2;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 1336;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Claudins | Clostridium perfringens enterotoxin | drug delivery | tight junction

ABSTRACT
Clostridium perfringens causes one of the most common foodborne illnesses, which is largely mediated by the Clostridium perfringens enterotoxin (CPE). The toxin consists of two functional domains. The N-terminal region mediates the cytotoxic effect through pore formation in the plasma membrane of the mammalian host cell. The C-terminal region (cCPE) binds to the second extracellular loop of a subset of claudins. Claudin-3 and claudin-4 have been shown to be receptors for CPE with very high affinity. The toxin binds with weak affinity to claudin-1 and -2 but contribution of these weak binding claudins to CPE-mediated disease is questionable. cCPE is not cytotoxic, however, it is a potent modulator of tight junctions. This review describes recent progress in the molecular characterization of the cCPE-claudin interaction using mutagenesis, in vitro binding assays and permeation studies. The results promote the development of recombinant cCPE-proteins and CPE-based peptidomimetics to modulate tight junctions for improved drug delivery or to treat tumors overexpressing claudins.