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Ochratoxin A in Portugal: A Review to Assess Human Exposure

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Author(s): Sofia C. Duarte | Angelina Pena | Celeste M. Lino

Journal: Toxins
ISSN 2072-6651

Volume: 2;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 1225;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: ochratoxin A | Portugal | exposure | food | biomarker | cereal | bread | wine

ABSTRACT
In Portugal, the climate, dietary habits, and food contamination levels present the characteristics for higher population susceptibility to ochratoxin A (OTA), one of the known mycotoxins with the greatest public health and agro-economic importance. In this review, following a brief historical insight on OTA research, a summary of the available data on OTA occurrence in food (cereals, bread, wine, meat) and biological fluids (blood, urine) is made. With this data, an estimation of intake is made to ascertain and update the risk exposure estimation of the Portuguese population, in comparison to previous studies and other populations.
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