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Modeling the Physical Properties of Popcorn Varieties as a Function of Kernel Moisture Content

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Author(s): Falilat Taiwo ADEMILUYI | Koyejo ODUOLA

Journal: Leonardo Electronic Journal of Practices and Technologies
ISSN 1583-1078

Volume: 10;
Issue: 18;
Start page: 35;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Correlation Coefficient | Moisture Content | Physical Properties | Popcorn Varieties

ABSTRACT
The physical properties such as the axial dimensions (length, width, thickness), geometric mean diameter, thousand kernel weight, shape characteristics (sphericity, kernel volume, kernel surface area), bulk density, particle or kernel density, as well as porosity have been evaluated as a function of kernel moisture content for “pin” and “deep” yellow varieties of Nigerian popcorn kernels. It has been observed that the length, width, thickness as well as the thousand kernel weight increase with increasing moisture content for both varieties under investigation in the moisture range 11-17% (wet basis.), while the bulk and particle densities together with the kernel porosity have been found to decrease with increasing moisture content. These physical properties vs moisture content dependencies have been fitted to linear, polynomial and other non-linear equations and the empirical constants determined for each case. Regression analyses have revealed that the third-order polynomial and quadratic functions more adequately describe the observed dependencies than the linear equation in most cases, based on the resulting correlation coefficients and standard errors.
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