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Juventud, trabajo, desempleo e identidad: un enfoque psicosocial. Youth, work, unemployment and identity: An social psychological approach.

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Author(s): Jimena del Carmen Gallardo Góngora

Journal: Athenea Digital
ISSN 1578-8946

Volume: 11;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 165;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Juventud | Trabajo | Desempleo | Identidad

ABSTRACT
Esta Tesis doctoral se propone estudiar algunos aspectos del trabajo en jóvenes chilenos desempleados, analizando su centralidad y considerando las influencias de los valores y significados que el trabajo tiene para éstos en el proceso de construcción de su identidad. Para tales efectos, la investigación que hemos llevado a cabo se divide en dos partes. La primera comprende la conceptualizacion de los fenómenos que se desprenden del objetivo general, a saber: la juventud como fenómeno psicosocial, el trabajo y sus significados, centralidad y funciones psicosociales y la  identidad como fenómeno psicosocial y los efectos psicosociales del desempleo. La segunda parte corresponde a un estudio cualitativo, dirigido al análisis de aspectos del trabajo en jóvenes chilenos desempleados y su influencia en el proceso de construcción de la identidad.This doctoral thesis aims to study some of the aspects of the work of young unemployed Chileans. This was done through the analysis of their “centrality” by taking into account the influence of values and concepts they have about work, in the process of their identity construction. The research was divided into two different sections. The first one is the theoretical framework, which consists of studies and analysis from a  social  psychological perspective in relation to the phenomena that come up from the main purpose of the study. For example, youth as a psychosocial phenomenon; work as meaning, centrality and psychosocial functions; Identity under a psychosocial approach as well as psychosocial effects due to the unemployment they suffer. The second section of the research is the qualitative analysis, which considers work factors regarding to young unemployed Chileans as well as the influence of such factors in the process of their identity construction.