Is Practical Salinity conservative in the Baltic Sea?Author(s): Rainer Feistel | Stefan Weinreben
Journal: Oceanologia ISSN 0078-3234
Volume: 50; Issue: 1; Start page: 73; Date: 2008;
Keywords: PracticaSalinity Scale 1978 | Standard Seawater | Salinity conservation | Composition anomaly | Baltic Sea
The conductivity-salinity conversion algorithm used for oceanographic measurements of Practical Salinity on the PSS-78 scale is designed for IAPSO Standard Seawater. The application of this formula to a given sample of non-standard seawater does not necessarily result in a constant salinity value when the sample's conductivity is measured at different temperatures. We have experimentally studied the magnitude of this non-conservative effect of Practical Salinity using a sample of Baltic seawater possessing a density anomaly of about 50 g m-3. The apparent change of salinity observed is at the limit of experimental uncertainty and is not significantly different from the drift of Standard Seawater, which was measured for comparison.