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Expression of PPARα modifies fatty acid effects on insulin secretion in uncoupling protein-2 knockout mice

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Author(s): Fatehi-Hassanabad Zahra | Chan Catherine

Journal: Nutrition & Metabolism
ISSN 1743-7075

Volume: 4;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 6;
Date: 2007;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract Aims/hypothesis In uncoupling protein-2 (UCP2) knockout (KO) mice, protection of beta cells from fatty acid exposure is dependent upon transcriptional events mediated by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α (PPARα). Methods PPARα expression was reduced in isolated islets from UCP2KO and wild-type (WT) mice with siRNA for PPARα (siPPARα) overnight. Some islets were also cultured with oleic or palmitic acid, then glucose stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) was measured. Expression of genes was examined by quantitative RT-PCR or immunoblotting. PPARα activation was assessed by oligonucleotide consensus sequence binding. Results siPPARα treatment reduced PPARα protein expression in KO and WT islets by >85%. In siPPARα-treated UCP2KO islets, PA but not OA treatment significantly decreased the insulin response to 16.5 mM glucose. In WT islets, siPPARα treatment did not modify GSIS in PA and OA exposed groups. In WT islets, PA treatment significantly increased UCP2 mRNA and protein expression. Both PA and OA treatment significantly increased PPARα expression in UCP2KO and WT islets but OA treatment augmented PPARα protein expression only in UCP2KO islets (p < 0.05). PA treatment induced carnitine palmitoyltransferase I, acyl CoA oxidase and malonyl CoA decarboxylase mRNA in UCP2KO islets. Conclusion These data show that the negative effect of saturated fatty acid on GSIS is mediated by PPARα/UCP2. Knockout of UCP2 protects beta-cells from PA exposure. However, in the absence of both UCP2 and PPARα even a short exposure (24 h) to PA significantly impairs GSIS.