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The effect of a low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet versus a low-glycemic index diet on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus

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Author(s): Westman Eric | Yancy William | Mavropoulos John | Marquart Megan | McDuffie Jennifer

Journal: Nutrition & Metabolism
ISSN 1743-7075

Volume: 5;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 36;
Date: 2008;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract Objective Dietary carbohydrate is the major determinant of postprandial glucose levels, and several clinical studies have shown that low-carbohydrate diets improve glycemic control. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that a diet lower in carbohydrate would lead to greater improvement in glycemic control over a 24-week period in patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Research design and methods Eighty-four community volunteers with obesity and type 2 diabetes were randomized to either a low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet (
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