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Detection of Rotavirus and Adenovirus in Children with Acute Gastroenteritis

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Author(s): Banu Bayraktar | Buket Toksoy | Emin Bulut

Journal: Klimik Journal
ISSN 1301-143X

Volume: 23;
Issue: 01;
Start page: 15;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Acute gastroenteritis | rotavirus | adenovirus

ABSTRACT
Objective: Acute gastroenteritis is one of the leading causes of death in childhood. Effective treatment of the disease has not yet been developed. Surveillance of causative enteric viruses has special importance in terms of the epidemiology of the disease and its impact on individual patient management. In this study, we aimed to determine the incidence of rotavirus group A and enteric adenovirus serotype 40 and 41 in pediatric patients with acute gastroenteritis symptoms.Methods: 1358 stool specimens of acute gastroenteritis cases, collected in the pediatric outpatient clinics from September 2008 to July 2009, were included in the study. The SD rota/adeno (Standard Diagnostics, Inc. Korea) immunochromatographic test was used for the detection of rotavirus group A and enteric adenovirus serotype 40 and 41 antigens.Results: The viral antigens were detected in 348 of the total 1358 (25%) stool specimens. The established incidence rates were 23.7% for rotavirus, 1.5% for adenovirus and 0.4% for both rotavirus and adenovirus respectively. Although the highest rotavirus antigen detection rate was determined in the
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