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A Comparative Study of O2, CO and CN Binding to Heme IX Protein Models

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Author(s): Francisco Torrens

Journal: Molecules
ISSN 1420-3049

Volume: 9;
Issue: 8;
Start page: 632;
Date: 2004;
Original page

Keywords: Electron-pair repulsion | polarizing molecular mechanics | iron–porphyrin complex | oxygen fixation | CO/O2 discrimination.

ABSTRACT
Parametrization of a molecular-mechanics program to include terms specificfor five- and six-coordinate transition metal complexes results in computer-simulatedstructures of heme complexes. The principal new feature peculiar to five and sixcoordination is a term that measures the effect of electron-pair repulsion modified by theligand electronegativity and takes into account the different structural possibilities. Themodel system takes into account the structural differences of the fixing centre in thehaemoglobin subunits. The customary proximal histidine is added. The prosthetic groupheme IX is wholly considered in our model. The calculations show clearly that certainconformations are much more favourable that others for fixing O2. From the O2 bindingin haemoglobin, myoglobin and simple Fe porphyrin models it is concluded that the bentO2 ligand is best viewed as bound superoxide O2–. Axial ligands are practically free-rotating. A small modification of the model in both crystal and protein matrix affects theorientation of the ligands in experimental systems.
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