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The causes, consequences, and treatment of left or right heart failure

Author(s): Pazos-Lopez P | Peteiro-Vazquez J | Garcia-Campos A | Garcia-Bueno L | Abugattas-de-Torres JP | Castro-Beiras A

Journal: Vascular Health and Risk Management
ISSN 1176-6344

Volume: 2011;
Issue: default;
Start page: 237;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Pablo Pazos-López, Jesús Peteiro-Vázquez, Ana Carcía-Campos, Lourdes García-Bueno, Juan Pablo Abugattas de Torres, Alfonso Castro-BeirasDepartment of Cardiology, Complejo hospitalario Universitario A Coruña, A Coruña, SpainAbstract: Chronic heart failure (HF) is a cardiovascular disease of cardinal importance because of several factors: a) an increasing occurrence due to the aging of the population, primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular events, and modern advances in therapy, b) a bad prognosis: around 65% of patients are dead within 5 years of diagnosis, c) a high economic cost: HF accounts for 1% to 2% of total health care expenditure. This review focuses on the main causes, consequences in terms of morbidity, mortality and costs and treatment of HF.Keywords: heart failure, cause, consequence, treatment