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Biodegradable Detergents from Azadirachta Indica (neem) Seed Oil

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Author(s): Alewo Opuada AMEH | Muhammed Tijani ISA | Ebenezer Konyeni UDOKA

Journal: Leonardo Electronic Journal of Practices and Technologies
ISSN 1583-1078

Volume: 9;
Issue: 16;
Start page: 69;
Date: 2010;
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Keywords: Biodegradable | Detergent | Azadirachta Indica (neem) seed | Oil

ABSTRACT
The production of biodegradable detergent from Azadirachta Indica (neem) seed oil was studied in this work. The synthesized detergent was characterised and compared with commercially available detergents. 33g of biodegradable detergent was produced from 30ml of the oil. In the foamability test, the height of liquid and foam of detergent rose to 3cm in a 250ml beaker thus indicating its effectiveness since it compared favourably with the foam heights of commercial detergents. The surface tension of solution of 5g of the synthesized detergent in 100ml of water determined to be 0.00523 N/m was found to be better that of the commercial detergent of same concentration. The oxygen demand for a solution of the synthesized detergents over a five day period found to be 0.4ppm indicated it was biodegradable.
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